TELL MAMA 2014/2015 Findings on Anti-Muslim Hate
- 548 verified incidents (of 729) reported to Tell MAMA (a number that broadly reflects the 2012/2013 report when 584 incidents were recorded).
- A decrease from the previous report but that reflects the documented spike of incidents following the murder of Drummer Lee Rigby in 2013/2014.
- A majority of incidents took place online (402 out of 548 or roughly two-thirds).
- In the online sphere, a vast proportion of incidents were abusive in nature and nearly a fifth involved threats.
- The ‘memeification’ of anti-Muslim hate online was traceable with a high number of ‘anti-Muslim literature’ incidents.
- Nearly a fifth of service users reported repeated offline incidents of anti-Muslim hate.
- Again, Muslim women (48 incidents) suffered more offline incidents than men (40 incidents) in the dataset.
- 44 offline cases noted that the individual, at the time of the incident, wearing traditional Islamic clothing during and the perpetrators’ were overwhelmingly white male.
- 7 offline cases involved ‘extreme violence’, 21 constituted assault and 29 involved threats.
- Damage to Islamic institutions and personal properties totalled 15 incidents.
- The evolving data coding and approval process carries a good degree of confidence from CFAPS’s analysis.
Another worrying trend highlighted in the analysis detailed how global acts of terror – whether in Paris, Copenhagen or Sydney – inspired or at least fostered an environment where individuals felt justified in spreading anti-Muslim hate either on social media or on a street-based level. In the wake of the Paris atrocities, the number of reported incidents for offline and online incidents increased.
How sections of the media portrays these incidents potentially (and often unintentionally) may inspire part of the backlash. The report does not call for censorship but engagement with media outlets to promote a more nuanced understanding of ‘terrorist motivations in order to reduce the impact of coverage relating to, or even fuelling, instances of ‘cumulative extremism’.
The dataset offers a window into the levels of anti-Muslim hate in 2014 and the early parts of 2015. But a perceived mistrust of police in sections of Muslim communities means underreporting of incidents remains a consistent problem.
Our working agreement with the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO), agreed upon in March 2015, to share data on anti-Muslim incidents (with police forces that record Islamophobic crimes under a separate flag) will continue to strengthen our reporting in the months ahead.
This report looks at the impact of the Rotherham Grooming crisis and the impacts that it has on the rhetoric of far right groups like Britain First on-line. We analysed the lexicon of anti-Muslim hate through the Britain First Facebook page soon after the release of the damning report on the Rotherham grooming scandal.
‘Anti-Muslim Overview, Analysis & Cumulative Extremism’,
This is the latest report which independently analyses the TELL MAMA data covering May 2013 through to the end of February 2014. The report looks at a number of trends on anti-Muslim prejudice and highlights a range of specific areas which include the fact that visibility, (by wearing the Hijab or the Hijab and the Niqab), may play a role in the targeting of individuals. Furthermore, the over-representation of Far Right sympathisers in anti-Muslim prejudice is highlighted once again. The report also covers the period after the murder of Lee Rigby and the anti-Muslim hate crime spike that took place after the murder. Lastly, the report should be read in conjunction with these links which provide more context on our work. The links can be found here, here and here.
‘Maybe We Are Hated’: The Experience and Impact of Anti-Muslim Hate on British Muslim Women, November 2013
This report, authored by Dr Chris Allen, Dr Arshad Isakjee and Ozlem Ogtem Young reviews the personal experiences and impacts of anti-Muslim prejudice on the lives of British Muslim women who have reported incidents through TELL MAMA. It is the first qualitative report that looks at a range of anti-Muslim prejudiced incidents and crimes and gives each person a voice. It also provides a unique set of insights into the impacts on individuals, rather than looking at victims of anti-Muslim prejudice through the lens of numbers, classifications and types of incidents.
Anti-Muslim Hate Crime and the Far Right, June 2013
This report, authored by Professor Nigel Copsey, Dr Janet Dack, Mark Littler and Dr Matthew Feldman reviews the role and impact of Far Right and EDL sympathisers on anti-Muslim prejudice. The report underscores the heightened activity of Far Right English Defence League supporters on the Internet and through social media sources in the promotion of anti-Muslim prejudice or Islamophobia.
|THE INCONTROVERTIBLE FACTS ABOUT
ANTI-MUSLIM HATRED SINCE WOOLWICH
– RESPONSE BY FIYAZ MUGHAL